And more than a few reveal doubts about the relevance of college for their future. The authors visited the four main types of MSIs—historically black colleges and universities, tribal colleges and universities, Hispanic-serving institutions, and Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander—serving institutions—to identify strategies for empowering nontraditional students to succeed in college despite these obstacles.
Educating a Diverse Nation illuminates such initiatives as collaborative learning, culturally relevant educational programs, blurring the roles of faculty, staff, and students, peer-led team learning, and real-world problem solving. It shows how these innovations engage students and foster the knowledge, skills, and habits they need to become self-sustaining in college and beyond, as well as valuable contributors to society.
Core Values of American History. Here, he discusses the th anniversary o …. Minority serving institutions MSIs came about through historic inequities in educating minority populations. Now there are even more recognized MSIs, which will be explored in the section below. MSIs can be found in almost every state and territory, and they are only expected to grow in the coming years.
In fact, nearly all the growth in postsecondary education enrollment through is expected to come from minority students. Furthermore, these institutions should remain affordable because, in order to qualify for U. Due to new findings by the American Council on Education , it is becoming apparent that these institutions serve a critical role in propelling low-income and minority students upward. A school must apply for the minority serving institution designation with the federal government.
To receive this designation, a college must meet a certain percentage threshold of a specific ethnic minority group; this percentage varies by ethnicity. Once designated as an MSI, the school can then apply and compete for federal grants that have been earmarked for these types of institutions.
College Student Guide to Minority Serving Institutions
Such funds can be used for a variety of services and equipment, but must benefit the minority group the institution is serving. Although MSI is the umbrella term, there are many different qualifying minority groups.
These include:. Alaska Native-serving institutions are postsecondary schools with student bodies composed of at least 20 percent Alaska Natives. Native Hawaiian-serving institutions have at least 10 percent Native Hawaiian students. These schools receive discretionary funding from the federal government to improve their services and expand capacity. It also supports integration of the Hawaiian culture into campus life and class curricula. University of Alaska Southeast, Ketchikan has a number of baccalaureate and associate degrees, the majority of which are offered online.
The university also runs vocational programs, such as marine transportation. It accomplishes this through peer tutoring at its Student Success Center, which receives federal grant funding. Asian and Pacific Islander Americans APIAs are a unique group as this designation includes more than 48 ethnicities and over different languages.
University of Illinois at Chicago offers mentor programs and on- and off-campus internships specifically for APIA students. Its Asian American Resource and Cultural Center exists to provide academic and social support to these students. Its Student Success Program is dedicated to helping Asian Americans gain admission to the university and then stay enrolled. University of Nevada Las Vegas tied for first place on U.
As of , accredited and degree-granting institutions met the requirements to be considered an HSI, according to the Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities. Together, these serve over two million Hispanics. To receive funding, an institution must have 25 percent full-time Hispanic undergraduate enrollment and 50 percent of its students must come from families below the poverty line.
Included in this group are 10 research universities. HSIs receive only 69 cents for every dollar going to other colleges per student but manage to have great outcomes for the population they serve. California State University, Fullerton's population of Hispanic students has been steadily increasing over the years, and is now at 37 percent. Business management and marketing are the two most popular degrees. Florida International University in Miami is currently the fourth-largest institution in the United States with nearly 50, enrolled students, of which 61 percent are Hispanic.
Investing in Student Success: Examining the Return on Investment for Minority‐Serving Institutions
It is designated as a top-tier research university, with more than degree offerings. University of Texas, El Paso has a student body of almost 24, students, 80 percent of whom are Hispanic. In order to be considered an HBCU, the college or university must have been established before and have a mission to educate African-Americans. Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia is the oldest black college for women. With a 77 percent graduation rate — the highest among HBCUs — it far outpaces the 44 percent graduation rate for African-Americans nationally.
Spelman prides itself on being a primary producer of black women who go on to earn doctorate degrees in the sciences. Howard University in Washington, DC was founded in This coed school counts former U. Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall as one of its most prominent alumni. Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia, is a private university boasting 80 different undergraduate and graduate programs.
It maintains over student-run organizations, encompassing everything from Greek organizations to a pharmacy club. You can also find scholarships for HBCU students. This type of institution must have at least 10 percent of enrolled undergraduate students identifying as Native American. Montana State University-Northern serves students from four Native American reservations on campus, totaling 13 percent of undergrads.
It has a wide range of academic programs from engineering to teacher education. Redlands Community College uses its federal funding to focus on increasing participation and academic success among its Native American student population. Utah State University Eastern-Blanding holds the largest amount of enrolled Native Americans in this group, with 72 percent of the student population. It advertises a full range of programs, from certificates and associate degrees up to doctorates.
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Colleges and universities that have at least 1, undergraduate students and over 40 percent African-American students can qualify as a PBI. They also must have at least 50 percent low-income or first-generation college students.
They have only been recognized by Congress since Albany Technical College in Georgia has used its most recent PBI grant to expand online learning and increase student support services. Seventy-nine percent of students are black or African-American. Clayton State University in Georgia is 63 percent black and also boasts an ethnically diverse faculty, with 35 percent black or African-American instructors.
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It offers over 60 undergraduate majors and minors. Trinity College in Washington, D. Its top undergrad majors include nursing, human relations and criminal justice. Currently, there are 32 accredited TCUs in the nation, with the majority located in the Midwest and Southwest.
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Most TCUs are located on reservations and therefore focus heavily on maintaining tribal languages and culture. Dine College in Arizona was established in as the first tribally controlled accredited college in the U. Fond du Lac Tribal and Community College in Minnesota offers associate degrees and certificates to all interested students, regardless of background.
Credits earned can transfer to other universities, and many students go on to pursue other postsecondary degrees. Oglala Lakota College in South Dakota has an average enrollment of more than 1, students pursuing vocational, teaching, nursing and computer degrees, among others. Its Hispanic population sits at 29 percent, making this a very diverse school.